• First Language: Turkish

  • Subjects:  Women’s Studies

  • Journal Section: Research Article

  • Authors: Ümüt AKAGÜNDÜZ  
    Ankara Üniversitesi, Eğitim Bilimleri Fakültesi

  • Dates: 1 January 2015

The Political Atmosphere in Turkey and Reflections of the Woman’s Movement in the Journals of the Early Republican Period Magazines which have very powerful situation on intellectual life influence frequently human perspective and thanks to the magazines we can find out a lot of knowledge about politics, diplomacy, art, economy, society, science and technology. Magazines and their impacts on society and politics have been one area of concern for historians, sociologists,scholars and anthropologists. Especially historians who have tried to study on collective mentality and history of thought have benefited from magazines for a long time. For this reason magazines are considerably important for Turkish historians. When society, economic, bureaucracy, culture, politics were transformed in conditions of the westernization the past’s values were criticized by the founders of the Turkish Republic. According to the intelligentsia the Turkish society was transformed radically by benefiting from positivism and nationalism. But dynamics of the social resistance like Islam and feudal obligations were the largest obstacles for the administrative staffs. Therefore, if necessary society was compelled for this. Turkish Woman’s Movements undoubtedly wasaffected by this progress. But the new administrative staffs desired a restrained woman’s movement. A qualified woman discussion progressed between 1923 and 1925 by means of Nezihe Muhiddin, Sabiha Zekeriya, Fevziye Abdülreşit, Enver Benhan and Ömer Fevzi. These authors argued about Feminism, education, maternity, insensitivity, rich women, poor women, literate women and illiterate women.

power struggle, modernization, feminism, education, maternity

Ankara Üniversitesi, Eğitim Bilimleri Fakültesi